French Revolution (Part 2) - Khan Academy
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French Revolution (Part 2) - Khan Academy<br>Royals try to escape. Champ De Mars Massacre. Declaration of Pillnitz. Movement towards becoming a Republic.
that next you
ted's and of the times printed see the difficulty with what's called the reign of terror see
are on some level massacres people's lives really really
even more the cart national assembly which is at the beginning of the revolution themselves
ideas to their people by the way under your brother's a little got to that scares people
because he's seen the writing on the walls and every time he's done something it's only led to even more extreme counter action.
So we have more extreme action so we have this were at the end of seventy eighty nine
already chaos is broken loose in a lot of France,
the national assembly here they're in the process of creating a constitution which won't happen
until fully happen until seventeen ninety one, but their starting to bring things together
or draft constitution in august of seventy nine they've already done their version of
the Declaration of Independence The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. this isn't so if
this was if everything was well we we just wait 'til you know a few years and we'd get a the constitution
and maybe will have some type of a constitutional monarchy unfortunate for especially for the
especially for Louis the sixteenth, were told well as we mentioned all of this was propagate all
this was started to begin with because people were hungry
we have the fiscal crisis we have a famine and so in October.
October of seventeen eighty-nine were still in seventeen days i'm october
of seventeen eighty nine
rumors got started to spread
Marie Antoinette king's wife that she was hording grain
outside of Versaille. So if people started out of that city's big
stocks of great interest in this is a time where people couldn't get their bread and
read was that means people of the diet so there's actually a march of has it within
all into our side and they were armed and this is a depiction of the peasant women marching
on her side and a whatever side actually were able to get into the building itself and they
demanded because they were suspicious of what we the sixteenth and marie antoinette or up
to riverside they demanded that the move back word not move back to the moon to paris
so the women's march
women
march
it resulted in
and that they were able to get their demands
it resulted in Louis the Sixteenth and wife Marie Antoniette moving back to paris where they could do things like hording grain and will be surrounded by
maybe not so friendly people who could watch what they're doing
it is also this was also present did not you know i think the main factor was that people
are hungry rumors are spreading that the king is for a great there's also rumors that that
king was being very disrespectful to some of the of some of the symbols
the new France of the of the new National Assembly so that also the people
and of cross the border everyone continues that including the sixteenth
but he wasn't really into what was going on he was added to this kind of constitutional
monarchy that was formed this power that was being lost to the national standards we have
this very uncomfortable situation entry into seventeen ninety
the the became clear it's actually i house arrest in did of political victories in paris
you have this national assembly drafting this constitution
they're their hard to draft the constitutional detailed all pledged their support
and at the same time throughout france you have to counter insurgency is france right
here trial transcript opportunities people who don't like
the revolution that's going on and those would be subdued people are all plotting one against
each other and then you have some ability
that says gee you know i i don't like the way that this is what we've seen already a
lot of violence people are angry i was going to take my money and whatever i can pack i
was going to get out of the country
i'm going to have agreed away from the country to start having nobility starting to leave
transfer called the the great know i know one not printed
grassley we see it on the substantive if i had a good friend of not having much longer
i bitterly
and it's the same idea that we get to seventeen ninety one
the seventy nine he was just kind of a bunch of of the other words seventy nine he won
the same idea of
trying to get away from the danger got into that of louis the sixteenth and marie antoinette
but they couldn't leave the country they didn't trust they didn't trust great britain that
interested in these other countries to safely %uh give them shelter so they one of their
generals who was sympathetic to their cause that they at least come here to my the frontier
area that you can't hide from all of the unrest that's going on
dress that's
dressed as actual servants and that she made it shows you what what type of people that
were the distance service saw the address this
dressed as service and expanded their service to dress as the ability to make them the target
the case
%uh they were ambushed and murdered underway trying to escape from paris
dressed as servants the king and queen
the king's tried to escape to this general the state
when they were in for rent right here they were actually spotted and of the people essentially
the captive and brought them back the parents of this is called you could the the flights
over and the flight away from parents or a river you want to do it so already these the
we the sixties stars see the writing on the will to try to get away but people brought
them back
but you can imagine a lot of people already did not like the candidate like the notion
of even having a kid a key and the most revolutionary the most radical elements were called the
jacobs
gee good
after the king and queen tried to escape and came back i'd like a_t_t_ what's the use of
even having a king you national assembly why are you trying to write some type of constitution
any power whatsoever to looking we should have our public
we should have a republic republic which is actually there's a lot of and what's best
for a public is the most simple one is at the state without asking without an emperor
was all of a quick to say we don't need you know in the national assembly think you're
being radical but not being radical about we want to limit the idea of having a monarchy
altogether and the fact that the that the monarch that that louis the sixteenth actually
tried to run away we view that have abdicated on
a
the k_g_b_ essentially quitting abdication of tomorrow
and at the start of organized in paris
that's right here
right here that schultz dinars i don't think it completely wrong
the the card
sean
the
mars and so they started kicking signatures in this kind of public park in paris the city
say we don't need the key we want a officially %uh create our own republican the national
assembly they're not radical enough and so people start you know they started gathering
over here in the stock market
things got a little agree so the actual
the are troops were sent in to kind of calm everyone down in the direction troops patrolled
by the national assembly the key you know the the people who are being controlled by
the florida state but things got a little crazy the earl of oxford brought some of the
troops on the troops at first it started firing in the air but eventually think that really
crazy they fired into the crowd
about fifty people died in this was the massacre
thicker shops that sell dinars massacre and one front you want
intuition
you can imagine that people are even angrier the g_o_p_ people are still starving that
problem has not gone away the king and queen
it has been kind of very reluctantly up with suspicious of the fact that they're probably
going to try to come back to power they tried to run away
did you call the great general the kind of revolutionary that led by the gentleman when
they start to suggest
hey we should have a republic we shouldn't even have a king and they gather people here
all this of the troops that are controlled by the car national assembly actually fire
on the crowded actually kill civilians for throwing rocks and and big rock you can imagine
this is quick to anger
already hungry already oppressed people even more
and to make
even more paranoid the king and queen might eventually come back are you the two major
powers all the sudden trying to in store themself into the french revolution to do a little
bit of a slide here because this is something at least when i first word european history
found the most confusing you have these
states you could call them you have cost you
which side
which i've highlighted words the the the kind of matches the modern up but orange
i was shown
what all streetwise at that point in time around seventy nineteen ninety seven to ninety
one and its red color i have
i would say that these are very different than our current notions of what ought to
be off to today's modern country right here
russia doesn't even exist as a modern country and at this notion of the holy roman empire
which overlaps with these other the kingdoms or and tires or whatever you want to call
them i was a little bit of a of a five-year the holy roman empire voltaire in the sense
that it's neither holy
right
it's neither
holy
nor
roman
nor
an empire
and he was right
it is really kind of a very loose confederation of german kingdom the state mainly german
king if you could see tiny coincides with modern germany and the two most intellectual
powers in the holy roman empire that were kind of %uh will exceed the most influential
power the holy temple whole the roman and are with the austrian
one of the austrians had the title of holy roman emperor and that was leopold the second
leopold
you old
the second
with the holy
roman
kemper
but it's not it's not like he was like the roman emperors the old liberal members of
electric and i don't notice
nothing nothing in the holy roman emperor that time had no control over onto it was
not world and we're not talking about people who speak spoke latin we're talking about
people who spoke germanic languages and it wasn't that empire that was in a tightly it
a part of %uh government structured it was just loose confederation of state but what
the most influential was the with the was the
region that was under control of the hapsburg of austria or leopold the second
and not only was he in control or what do you have the title of all the world and tired
of tension and control
the austrian against you could say empire that time he was also marie antoinette brother
it was also marie antoinette brother
people the second that's that's her brother
so leopold the second
and frederick william the second of russia which is another mean the germanic state
dinner
so rhetoric
will you
this second
they issue the declaration of told it's that so this is going to add even more insult to
injury
just the dead the general population of france the declaration of elements
here
declaration
foreign powers are getting involved they it like with you kings and queens the week delegates
phillips
and this was done
our guest so does one make it very clear what happened in june of seventy nine you want
to try to escape they work after two different that in july of seventeen ninety one you had
a shotgun mars massacres so already people are very wary of what ails the idea that we
don't need them is is spreading in puberty angrier and that in the declaration of jobs
by these foreign powers what of from is essentially the brother of the current french loyalty
and that that declaration is essentially saying that day intent
bring bring the the the french monarchy back to power that they don't say that they're
deathly going to do in military terms whatever but the declaration today did not approve
of what's going on in strengthening of the day themselves might not take it that to seriously
the people first started yet these huge powers on there
on their border right here
you had the austrians
you have the austrians
and the questions
this was anything that you know people people could take very lightly so only increased
the few the little do something to come back to full power and release the press people
and really give even more fuel for the two clintons kind of argue for some title solidly
their this you could see it we saw and the first video you've got bad now they're getting
really wears chaos in britain and france people are questioning with a neither king or queen
decorations of
We left off the last video at the end of 1789.
The Bastille had been stormed in July as the Parisians wanted to get the weapons from the Bastille
and free a few political prisoners to, in their minds, protect themselves from any tyranny from Louis the Sixteenth.
Louis the Sixteenth had reluctantly kind of
gone by that behind the scenes and said, "okay national assembly I'm not going to get in your way anymore."

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