Evolution Clarification
VideoReadr by edufied

Evolution Clarification<br>Clarifying some points on evolution and intelligent design
Evolution Clarification
Thought I would make a quick video to clarify some points on evolution and maybe clear up some points of ambiguity and so in my previous videos.
So when you go to the natural history museum and you see like these drawings where they start with a primitive ape and they show progressive species, that are, that show some form of progress, at least, some form of progress when it comes to walking on two feet.
You kind of, I would, you know, it culminates with homo sapiens sapiens us, you kind of imagine that evolution is kinda this, this, this process that creates better and better things.
You imagine that this notion of progress, that as time goes on, each successive species is better than is first. And I want to be very clear, that this notion of better, really makes no sense in an evolutionary or natural selection context.
That all that matters is fitness to your environment. “Fitness” to your environment or the frequency with which you are able to reproduce in an environment.
And it has, it doesn’t really match to our notion of better. So some people kinda think of woh what’s going to be the next step in human evolution and they imagine, you know, some, some, human with a you know big brain.
That you know can move things with mental energy, and, and all of that, you know, and can see through things. And whatever else.
Imagine some kind of progress that look we’re more intelligent, we can do all of these things, that an ape couldn’t do, maybe the next, uh, stage in evolution somehow will be some type of super human.
And I don’t know what the next stage of evolution, if there is any next stage for, you know, I can’t go into that debate. But the idea is that that’s not necessarily the case!
Even if you take our current human population evolution, ahh uhm, success in evolutionary terms is very different than success in, in our kind of societal definition.
For example, if you have someone, let’s say you have two people, you know, this guy is some dude here. He’s got a PhD, you know, he’s got a MD, he’s got a lot of money, I mean, you know, just everything society says is success.
But because he did his MD, PhD, and been in school a long time, he decides not to have children, or he wants to be very responsible. He looks at how many people there are in the world and the overcrowding, and the environmental impact.
So lets say him and his wife, who is also an MD, PhD, and has all this money, and degrees and has spent a lot of their time in school, they decide to have one child. One child.
Let me see, this is his wife, who has kind of similarly, she is similarly educated, and from our point of view this is a very successful, very responsible couple.
Now lets say that there someone, some other guy, over here and he’s just kinda, I, you know for the sake of it lets say he’s just nuts.
From the get go he, he he, he was very irresponsible, he produced one child after another, a, you know, lets say by the time he’s thirty years old, he has ten children, all with different mothers.
Maybe some of the children have to go up for adoption, uhh, who knows the situation with this guy’s life?
I don’t want to be judgmental of it. But the, the, the general idea is that in society we would say that this guy is less successful.
But from an evolutionary point of view, from an evolutionary point of view, this guy was far more successful!
In fact, people like this guy, frequency of their genes is increasing much faster than the frequency of these people’s genes.
So when we talk about fitness from an evolutionary point of view, its not necessarily fitness from the point of view that we like to think of it in our regular kind of, uhh, uhh, value system that we have in society.
These people looked very fit intellectually, and who knows, maybe physically as well.
But they weren’t reproducing, their genes aren’t being passed on with the same frequency as these guys.
I forgot the statistic but there’s something like 80% people in Asia that have genes from one, or some, or either one man or some small collection of men, uhh, uhh, who who date, actually I think its from one man, from the twelve hundreds.
And its either probably, you know, one of the Mongol warriors or, you know, whether its Genghis of Kublai Khan.
But just shows you that there’s some very, you know, and I’m not going to make any judgments here, but you could have many aggressive people who may have raped and pillaged, you know, whole societies and they were very successful from an evolutionary point of view.
Even though we might think that their actions are, are, are despicable.
So I want to give you this sense, that there’s not necessarily this sense of progress.
I mean if this, this pattern I described uhh, uhh, keeps happening, then this type of person will, will become less and less frequent in the gene pool and this person will become more and more frequent in the gene pool.
So we might end up with a, eventually a more aggressive human population or, or a less “responsible” one.
So I wanna make that one, one clarification that evolution, evolution or natural selection is not just a series of progressive steps where we’ll slowly and slowly become, or any organism becomes, kind of a better or more intelligent and faster animal. It just depends on its environment and whats being selected for.
Now the other thing I want to clarify is really some of the points I made on the video regarding uhm, uhm, intelligent design.
In that video intention was not to really make a comparison between intelligent design and evolution.
So you have evolution on this side and you have intelligent design on this side.
And I want to be clear and didn’t maybe make it clear enough in that video that this debate is an artificial one.
Evolution really is the basis of modern biology. If you want to understand how, uhh, how, uh, how, how, the flu, works, or if you wanted to understand the human genome or if you wanted to understand heredity, evolution is a cornerstone of that.
And its not complete, every day, every year, we're discovering more and more about how the process of natural selection works.
There’s still open debates, people aren’t sure about, the, the pace at which evolution occurs, other factors that might make it happen, make it occur faster or slower.
But I want to be clear, this is a, this does explain, all of our observations.
Let me put it this way, all of our observations in modern science are backing up evolution and natural selection.
And if it, if anything it is the basis of modern biology. So any, if one were to deny natural selection and evolution they’re really denying our understanding of modern biology.
Intelligent design is a belief system and my whole point behind making that, is to try to maybe reconcile the parties, that you know, favor, well you know, the parties that favor this with the idea of evolution, so that they, they can reconcile there, one’s religious beliefs, while not having to deny what is the corner stone of modern biology.
And when I talk about design, I make the point that look, you know, rather than looking at the particular design, whether it’s the eye or particular organism, and even make the, the point that there is no particular design, even if you were to point to the human eye, there’s not one version of the human eye, there’s an infinite variation in the human eye.
So it would have to be intelligent designs not intelligent design. But my whole point behind the video was like, what was to say that if you are, if you are inclined to believe in a designer, then don’t, then the more elegant design is at the system level, which really is evolution.
Now I wasn’t trying to say there is a designer or there isn’t a designer, I was just saying if you are inclined to believe in one, this is more profound and gives more justice to the designer that you’re, you are inclined to believe in.
This is not science at all.
Intelligent design is kind of a, it’s a denial of what all of modern science is telling us today.
And its not a theory as uhh, you know, some of proponents of it put it in kind of a, they, they kind of surround it with scientific sounding terms, but its not a theory.
You cannot test intelligent design.
There’s no data point that can confirm or deny whether somehow something was designed by a, some type of sentient creator. This is just a belief system that is essentially rejecting this.
But I don’t want to be disrespectful of those who believe in this belief system because it, it its, you know, it comes out of closely held beliefs, my goal really is to reconcile that.
If you do want to, uhh, uhh, give, your, your, your belief and a creator due credit, you're better looking at the system rather than design.
So I just wanted to make those two points, two clarifications, one on the evolution and intelligent design “debate”, but its not really a debate, this is kind of the cornerstone of modern biology, this is something that just rejects that, it isn’t a provable or disprovable theory.
And I wanted to make the point that evolution doesn’t necessarily mean a straight forward uhh, line of progress and ever more intelligent and, you know, impressive creatures.

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